Electron (formerly known as Atom Shell) is an open-source framework created by Cheng Zhao, and now developed by GitHub. It allows for the development of desktop GUI applications using front and back end components originally developed for web applications: Node.js runtime for the backend and Chromium for the frontend. Electron is the main GUI framework behind several notable open-source projects including GitHub’s Atom and Microsoft’s Visual Studio Code source code editors, the Tidal music streaming service desktop application and the Light Table IDE, in addition to the freeware desktop client for the Discord chat service.
Each Electron app has two threads: one is the main thread (dealing with the App window and bootup), and one is the renderer thread (which is basically your web code UI).
Electron uses Chromium for displaying web pages in a separate process called the render process. This thread deals with your UI code in
In normal browsers, web pages usually run in a sand-boxed environment and are not allowed access to native resources. For Electron users, however, you got the power to use Node.js APIs in web pages allowing lower level operating system interactions.
In Electron, the process that runs package.json’s main script is called the main process. The script that runs in the main process and can display a GUI by initializing the renderer thread.